Sterculia foetida Image
Sterculia foetida
Copyright © Phil Markey

Sterculia foetida

Family: Malvaceae   

通用名稱: Hazel Sterculia

科學同義:
Clompanus foetida

共同的名字同義:
Bastard Poon Tree, Stinky Sterculia, Hazel Bottle Tree, Sterculia nut, Java olive

枝條抗寒性區: 10b     英國和美國的地帶地圖

Sterculia foetida 學問

鑑別:
Sterculia foetida is a large, straight, deciduous tree growing to 40 m in height and 3 m in girth, with the branches arranged in whorls and spreading horizontally. The bark is smooth and grey. Leaves crowded at the ends of branchlets, digitate, with 7-9 leaflets; leaflets elliptical or elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, 10-17 cm long, shortly petioluled, with unpleasant smell; petiole 12.5-23 cm long. Flowers in many panicles, subterminal, 10-15 cm long; rather large, green or dull purple; unisexual, with male and female flowers on separate trees; calyx dull, orange coloured, deeply 5-partite; lobes 1-1.3 cm long. Follicles scarlet, 7.6-9 x 5 cm, very stout, ultimately woody; seeds 10-15, slate-coloured, ellipsoid, oblong, 1.5-1.8 cm with rudimentary yellow aril.

一般資料:
The generic name is based on the Latin word ‘stercus’, meaning ‘manure’, which refers to the smell of the flowers and leaves of some species. The malodorous nature of the tree is emphasized in the species name, ‘foetida’, meaning ‘stinking’. Requires a frost free environment. Makes an interesting potted plant when young.

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